• TENORM: Copper Mining and Production Wastes

    Mining and Processing MethodsWaste GenerationDisposal and ReuseEPA and The StatesOres that contain copper in the U.S. are typically mined in large, open-pits. Copper processing facilities are usually located near mining or extraction sites. Significant waste volumes are associated with copper production. Mine wastes may contain radionuclides due to their natural presence in ores and can be a source of TENORM.Uranium, which may be co-located with copper ore, may also be recovered as a side stream, if economical. However, in the United States this is not a general practice....
  • Managing naturally occuring radioactive material (NORM) in ...

    Applying the system of radiation protection to mining operations. Reference The recommended reference for this publication is: Department of Mines and Petroleum, 2010. Managing naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) in mining and mineral processing guideline. NORM 1. Applying the System of Radiation Protection to Mining Operations: Resources Safet,y Department of Mines and

  • TENORM: Copper Mining and Production Wastes

    LeachingSolvent ExtractionMilling and SeparationSmeltingThe vast quantities of ore, overburdenoverburdenSoil and rocks that have been moved out of the way to get to ore are called \"overburden.\" In areas where there are high concentrations of radionuclides in the rock, overburden may have some enhanced radioactivity, but not enough to mine and process. and rock are separated at the mine site and the rock is hauled to the waste site. The ore is crushed, mixed with other low-grade ore, and chemically leached to remove the copper.During the leaching p...
  • Radiations Uses For Mining - Crusher, quarry, mining and ...

    Managing NORMs in Mining392 Кб. Sources and pathways of radiation exposure The principal mining hazard management plan for mining activities and mineral processing should contain sufficient informationJob rotation, however, should not be used as a substitute for the development of an appropriate radiation protection system.

  • TENORM Resources Radiation Protection US EPA

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has been working over the past several years to better understand the nature and extent of TENORM that may become concentrated at copper mining sites. This document presents the information that EPA has compiled on this issue to date.

  • TENORM: Bauxite and Alumina Production Wastes

    Wastes can be generated at several points in the production process, including during the mining of the bauxite ore, and during the refinery production process. The refinery processes used to produce aluminum generates about 2 – 2.5 tons of solid waste for every 1 ton of aluminum produced. This includes a small amount of waste rock, waste ...

  • Managing naturally occuring radioactive material (NORM) in ...

    Applying the system of radiation protection to mining operations. Reference The recommended reference for this publication is: Department of Mines and Petroleum, 2010. Managing naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) in mining and mineral processing guideline. NORM 1. Applying the System of Radiation Protection to Mining Operations: Resources Safet,y Department of Mines and

  • TENORM: Bauxite and Alumina Production Wastes

    Wastes can be generated at several points in the production process, including during the mining of the bauxite ore, and during the refinery production process. The refinery processes used to produce aluminum generates about 2 – 2.5 tons of solid waste for every 1 ton of aluminum produced. This includes a small amount of waste rock, waste ...

  • Radiations Uses For Mining - Crusher, quarry, mining and ...

    Managing NORMs in Mining392 Кб. Sources and pathways of radiation exposure The principal mining hazard management plan for mining activities and mineral processing should contain sufficient informationJob rotation, however, should not be used as a substitute for the development of an appropriate radiation protection system.

  • TENORM Resources Radiation Protection US EPA

    15/04/2003  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has been working over the past several years to better understand the nature and extent of TENORM that may become concentrated at copper mining sites. This document presents the information that EPA has compiled on this issue to date.

  • IAEA SAFETY STANDARDS SERIES

    Radioactive Waste from the Mining and Milling of Ores SAFETY GUIDE No. WS-G-1.2 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY VIENNA. IAEA SAFETY RELATED PUBLICATIONS IAEA SAFETY STANDARDS Under the terms of Article III of its Statute, the IAEA is authorized to establish standards of safety for protection against ionizing radiation and to provide for the

  • TENORM: Oil and Gas Production Wastes Radiation ...

    TENORM contamination in U.S. oil production waste came to the attention of industry and government in 1986. During routine well work in Mississippi, barium sulfate scale in tubing was found to contain elevated levels of radium-226 and thorium-232.

  • OPTIMISATION OF RADIATION PROTECTION IN NORM INDUSTRIES

    OPTIMISATION OF RADIATION PROTECTION IN NORM INDUSTRIES . GENERAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS . GENERAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS PART 3 (GSR PART 3) Definition of Optimisation The process of determining what level of protection and safety would result in the magnitude of individual doses, the number of individuals (workers and members of the public) subject

  • SA Radiation Pty Ltd » About

    SA Radiation was established in 2008 by Dr Kent Gregory as a leading provider of specialised radiation safety advice and training. Based in Adelaide, our clients include companies from the medical, mining, exploration, industrial and scientific industries located all over Australia.

  • From Ore to Finished Product - Copper

    Copper - From Beginning to End. Copper is a major metal and an essential element used by man. It is found in ore deposits around the world. It is also the oldest metal known to man and was first discovered and used about 10,000 years ago. And as alloyed in bronze (copper-tin alloy) about 3000 BC, was the first engineering material known to man.

  • copper ore separation processes

    Copper Mining and Processing Processing of Copper Ores . Copper processing is a complicated process that begins with mining of the ore (less than 1% copper) and ends with sheets of 99.99% pure copper called cathodes, which will ultimately be made into products for everyday use. Inquire Now; China Copper Ore Separation, Tantalum Ore Separation

  • SA Radiation Pty Ltd » About

    SA Radiation was established in 2008 by Dr Kent Gregory as a leading provider of specialised radiation safety advice and training. Based in Adelaide, our clients include companies from the medical, mining, exploration, industrial and scientific industries located all over Australia.

  • IAEA SAFETY STANDARDS SERIES

    Radioactive Waste from the Mining and Milling of Ores SAFETY GUIDE No. WS-G-1.2 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY VIENNA. IAEA SAFETY RELATED PUBLICATIONS IAEA SAFETY STANDARDS Under the terms of Article III of its Statute, the IAEA is authorized to establish standards of safety for protection against ionizing radiation and to provide for the

  • Radiation Protection Series

    Radiation Protection Series ... the National Conference on Radiation Protection and Radioactive Waste Management in Mining and Mineral Processing in April 2005, Council forwarded advice on NORM to me as the CEO of ARPANSA. Following Council’s advice, ARPANSA commenced a process of review and assessment of NORM management in various industries. This Safety Guide, was developed to

  • Radiation Protection in NORM Industries

    Introduction Concern • Mining and milling mainly in less developed countries • Protection standards may be less stringent • Enforcement may be less strict • Widespread artisanal industries, integrated with family life and potentially leading to public exposure • Limited resources for upgrading plants, legacy wastes or waste management infrastructure

  • Other legislation, codes and standards - Minerals

    All mine operators are required to comply with the Code of practice and safety guide for radiation protection and radioactive waste management in mining and mineral processing, Radiation Protection Series No. 9 (2005) (external site) Back to top. Controlled Substances Act

  • NORM management in Norway - ICRP

    Astrid Liland, Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority First ICRP Symposium, 24-26 October 2011 in Bethesda, USA . NORM industries in Norway • Oil and gas production • TiO 2 pigment production • Production of phosphate fertilisers • Cement production, maintenance of clinker ovens • Primary iron production, • Tin/lead/copper smelting, • Mining of ores (other than uranium) Oil and ...

  • Mining Waste - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    The total amount of hard coal and ore mining and processing waste laying in dumps at the end of 2000 was 1253.5 Mt that was 63.4% of total amount of all wastes disposed throughout the country. Of that, hard coal mining waste comprised 53.3% and metal ore (copper) mining and processing, 46.7%. The area of each dump ranges from about 10 to >200 ...

  • Radioactive Wastes from Oil and Gas Drilling

    Radioactive wastes from oil and gas drilling take the form of produced water, drilling mud, sludge, slimes, or evaporation ponds and pits. It can also concentrate in the mineral scales that form in pipes (pipe scale), storage tanks, or other extraction equipment. Radionuclides in these wastes are primarily radium-226, radium-228, and radon gas ...

  • Human Health and Environmental Damages from Mining and ...

    2 The waste release data from these reports are summarized in Profile of the Metal Mining Industry, September 1995, Office of Compliance Sector Notebook Project, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, pages 37-45. Page 2 Compiling Existing Damage Cases EPA has conducted previous studies identifying human health and environmental damages

  • 60 Centuries of Copper

    This section is based on Sixty Centuries of Copper by B Webster Smith which was published by the UK Copper Development Association in 1965. Sixty Centuries of Copper is intended for the reader who is interested in the general history of copper mining, the development of metal-working processes and the uses of copper through the past six thousand years.

  • Other legislation, codes and standards - Minerals

    All mine operators are required to comply with the Code of practice and safety guide for radiation protection and radioactive waste management in mining and mineral processing, Radiation Protection Series No. 9 (2005) (external site) Back to top. Controlled Substances Act

  • Radioactive Wastes from Oil and Gas Drilling

    Radioactive wastes from oil and gas drilling take the form of produced water, drilling mud, sludge, slimes, or evaporation ponds and pits. It can also concentrate in the mineral scales that form in pipes (pipe scale), storage tanks, or other extraction equipment. Radionuclides in these wastes are primarily radium-226, radium-228, and radon gas ...

  • Human Health and Environmental Damages from Mining and ...

    2 The waste release data from these reports are summarized in Profile of the Metal Mining Industry, September 1995, Office of Compliance Sector Notebook Project, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, pages 37-45. Page 2 Compiling Existing Damage Cases EPA has conducted previous studies identifying human health and environmental damages

  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Evaluation of Uranium ...

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Evaluation of Uranium Mining TENORM Wastes—Characteristics, Occurrence, and Risks L.W. Setlow U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Radiation and Indoor Air (6608J) Washington, DC 20460 U.S.A. R.T. Peake U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Radiation and Indoor Air (6608J)

  • 作者:L W Setlow R T Peake从属关系: United States Environmental Protection Agency关于:Radioactive waste Uranium
  • Copper production environmental impact

    6 Copper mining, Production Wastes and the Environment . As with other forms of mining, the control of operations varies considerably from country to country. Sadly, third world mining operations continue to present varying degrees of hazard to the health and

  • radiation protection Companies for the Mining industry

    List of radiation protection companies, manufacturers and suppliers for the Mining industry . List of radiation protection companies, manufacturers and suppliers for the Mining industry ...

  • Mining Waste Treatment Technology

    The most common applications of backfilling and subaqueous disposal involve placing solid mining waste under a water cover to restrict its exposure to atmospheric oxygen and thus limit the formation of acid rock drainage. However, solid mining wastes that are not acid generating have been used for backfilling material and disposed of ...

  • NORM management in Norway - ICRP

    Astrid Liland, Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority First ICRP Symposium, 24-26 October 2011 in Bethesda, USA . NORM industries in Norway • Oil and gas production • TiO 2 pigment production • Production of phosphate fertilisers • Cement production, maintenance of clinker ovens • Primary iron production, • Tin/lead/copper smelting, • Mining of ores (other than uranium) Oil and ...

  • Naturally-Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) in ...

    Action in Areas where Residues from Mineral Sand Mining and Processing have been Deposited” to ascertain whether the information is still relevant and, if necessary, re-publish up to date guidance within the Radiation Protection Series. • Develop a strategy for raising awareness of NORM issues, both in relevant industries and

  • Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority Regulation on the ...

    2. Section 27 of the Radiation Decree contains provisions regarding worker exposure due to radon gas. 3. The limitation of radiation exposure to the population in the vicinity of the production uncaused it by its operation and the disposal of production waste, and the limitation of releases of radioactive sub-


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